On foot in Panama City, I ordered a fruit shake from a drive through window. I was charged for, and got four huge shakes in styrofoam cups.
My Spanish language ability was supposed to be functional. I was on a tight budget, but had no choice but to write the mistake off since I couldn’t say what I needed to in Spanish fast enough. Maybe my confidence was lacking.
I should have said something like:
No ordré cuatros jugos, ordré solo uno.
I knew the words but couldn’t get them out on the fly. The transaction happened so fast. The place was busy. The girl was in a hurry. There was a car right behind me that wanted to pull up.
After heading back to the hostel, I tried to drink a shake.
They all had nasty milk in them. This made me wonder:
Who came up with the bizarre idea of mixing cow’s milk with fruit? And here they do it by default. How criminal.
The mix caused nausea. My microbiome doesn’t like fruit mixed with milk. So, I had wasted close to $10 for a dairy-induced stomach ache. Consequently, I had an epiphany:
Speaking a foreign language is beneficial to both health and wealth.
I needed to find ways to make language learning easy.
The Only Time is Here and Now
I sometimes meet travelers who think about how wonderful it would be to speak a local language. I’ve heard:
I should have done better in high school Spanish.
I’ll learn it before I come back.
First of all, it’s best to do the bulk of language learning in a country that speaks that language. On top of that, the past and future don’t really exist. All we have is today.
The idea is to take the first step right now. Then, if you keep adding those stress-free language building moments, you’ll eventually see how learning new vocabulary is easy.
If you studied a language in high school or college, that’s great! Or maybe you were fortunate to have a natural stint with another tongue as a young kid. Even if you think you’ve forgotten it, you are almost sure to feel Déjà vu when diving back in.
Having studied or used the language in the past is a bonus. But if you never studied a language or didn’t study the right language, that’s perfectly OK. You can start from scratch here and now by learning something basic, like hello. Then for fun, learn goodbye and see you later. Build on each piece of vocabulary and feel it get easier as the fun of learning is enhanced.
If you wish to pursue the language of a country you are traveling to or living in, you probably already know a few words or more. Keep adding to them.
Build Vocabulary by Chunking
Once you have the numbers one to 10 embedded in your brain, they will overlap and chunk up to a million or more. The initial memorization work is 1 through 10. 11 through a million or more, goes much easier once one to 10 are mostly intact. And these first 10 numbers often have one syllable, which helps in the ease of memorization.
After studying numbers and greetings, move on to days of the week. Don’t just learn one random day, learn all seven days together. Try to group your language learning this way. Another day you could study a few common verbs, the next day food-related words, and so on. But keep to one language area if you can, like the days of the week. This method provides more overlapping and an easier, faster way to remember words.
For example, there are seven days in a week. That’s seven new words. However, all those words end in the word ‘day’. So ‘day’ is an extra, easy overlapping piece of vocab learned. It automatically sticks from learning the seven days. There are seven days in a week. There is the number ‘seven’ reviewed and the easy one-syllable time word: ‘week’ also chunked in.
End-of-Semester with first class I taught at the University of Hafr al-Batin in northeastern, Saudi Arabia, end of 2016.
A fresh-from-scratch English learner could also learn the word sun while learning the day, Sunday. Days of the week are capitalized in English as they are proper nouns or names. Capitalization could also be touched upon simulteously while reading and writing the days of the week.
NOTE: Acknowledging capitalization while learning days of the week is especially excellent for ESL learners whose mother tongue doesn’t have capital letters; for example, Arabic, Japanese, or Thai speaking natives. It’s also helpful to remind Spanish speakers that capitalizing days of the week isn’t optional like in Spanish.
When multiple language items are naturally learned simulteanously, I call it language stacking.
Take it Easy – Make it a Game
In my opinion, stress should not be associated with language. Relax. Try to go step-by-step. Accept perceived setbacks. I like to tell stressed-out ESL students:
Relax. It’s only English. We’re not studying to be air traffic controllers, so make all the non lethal mistakes you want. Mistakes are improvements anyway.
With all due respect to air-traffic controllers, air travelers ought to worship them instead of taking them for granted. If I make a mistake learning or teaching language, no harm is done. But if an air-traffic controller makes an error, he or she might be putting lives at risk.
Language acquisition can’t be a race. It’s something that happens over a long period and never ends. There’s no sense in trying to compare yourself to others. Make the language go easier by focusing on your constant improvement, even if it’s slow going.
As much as I prefer not to regurgitate quotations, my mind can’t help but refer back to:
A journey of a thousand miles starts with the first step.Lao Tzu, ancient Chinese philosopher
I extend this ancient quote:
The first step is really easy. Pick a word. Read it. Write it. Listen to it. Say it.’
Voila. You have a new word in your language arsenal.
Language Overlapping: Comparative Advantages
Thai and Lao Share Many Similarities
The very first step can be as simple as: Hello. That’s Sabai Dee in pasa Lao and Sawa Dee in pasa Thai. We added a second word without thinking about it. Pasa means language in Lao. It’s the same in Thai. Pasa Thai is a lot like Pasa Lao. And if you speak bahasa Malay or bahasa Indonesia then you know that bahasa means language in Malay and Indonesian. So if you know the word language in one of these four languages, you know it in the others. More accurately, you’ll remember and know it the first time you see or hear it.
This is an example of a comparative advantage that shows how easy vocabulary acquisition can be across languages.
From full-toddler exposure and beyond, I can automatically throw out sentences in Norwegian, even with a native sound. There are so many dialects in Scandinavia that I could get away with saying I speak Danish, or Swedish. Although I struggle to understand different kinds of vernaular, I can manage in those three languages as they are so similar.
Although Finnish is a completely different language, many people in Finland grow up studying Swedish as a third language. These Finns are easy to understand since they don’t speak ultra-fast like a native speaking Swede, Dane or Norwegian may.
I once spent a weekend in Iceland. Because Icelandic is what Norwegian was around 1,000 years ago, I could understand and read some words. I stress ‘some’ as Norwegian has changed considerably since those long-gone viking days.
If you know Norwegian and/or English numbers, German numbers will be easy to pick up in Austria, Switzerland, Germany and a small part of northern Italy. The exponential effect goes on. The more you learn, the more you build. It gets easier as the fun increases.
The Two Main Iberian Languages
I went nuts studying Spanish. I read a beginner’s textbook and did the exercises. I attended a full-immersion program in Guatemala and slowly read through a whole English to Spanish phrasebook. I watched movies from Spain, Mexico and Colombia.
I was fortunate to have the opportunity to pick the brains of Venezuelans and other Latinos I’d befriended in grad school.
Broke and on American credit, I traveled to Spain on a super-shoestring budget. After heading home and working for about six months, I was off on a backpacking adventure through parts of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. This is how badly I wanted to keep learning Spanish.
Being passionate about the language you want to learn will speed up the process and enjoyment associated with it. I believe some zeal is necessary to have fun with the language.
Without affection for the foreign tongue, learning can feel dry and hopeless. Fool yourself if you have to. If you don’t love a language you need to learn, pretend that you do. Create the positive passion that will aid the process considerably.
Spanish immersion is easy as gregarious locals tend to be thrilled when an outsider puts in an effort. Cumulatively, over a long time, on and off, I have acquired a working knowledge of Español, a humongeously useful language of the earth.
Since Spanish and Portuguese are the two main languages of the Iberian Peninsula, they have many similarities.
After three stellar stints feeding my young-adult brain with language in the Spanish speaking world, my Portuguese coworker at the time told me of a Brazilian travel agent amigo who had a special on a RT to Rio.
Two weeks vacation and a 15-day excursion to Rio de Janeiro was in store. It was a nine-hour flight from Newark, after originating in Boston. The flight cost $400 for a round-trip ticket. Thanks to the travel agent’s price hack, I’d scored a deal for the ages.
My Portuguese friend was thrilled that I was heading down to his sister land. The other colleagues didn’t know what to make of this traveling-far-away-to-another-place idea. It was as if drifting off to a place for no particular reason was not something anyone ever did, never mind think about the local language and trying to acquire some of it, just for fun nevertheless.
Once you stop thinking about what others think of you, is when you’re completely free.
I’m repeating someone’s words again. I don’t remember who. But let me add:
So drift. Our vast earth is calling your name.
It was late 1999. I had Internet on a Pentium if I remember correctly. I found what I could on the Portuguese language online and picked up a Brazilian Portuguese phrasebook at the now defunct Borders Bookstore at Downtown Crossing. This is the same place I would hang out with Matteo Salvo discussing language and memory about a decade later.
I borrowed Pimsleur cassettes from the BPL – Boston Public Library.
For a consistent half hour every night for four weeks, I listened to and read Portuguese simultaneously. I couldn’t believe how easy it was to remember the words and sentence structure. It wasn’t Spanish. But because of the Spanish I’d already spent a ton of time with, there was no brain fatigue. I was thrilled to be studying Portuguese with such ease.
Upon arrival in Rio I was communicating in a gringo-sounding Latin blend or more accurately, Portañol, which is a mix of Spanish and Portuguese. This is no joke as it can function effectively in Brazil.
My Portuguese was limited. But by using Spanish words when I didn’t know the Portuguese, I was able to have conversations. Thanks to my attempts at the local tonuge, people were friendlier and more open than anywhere I’ve experienced to this day. So, thanks to the Spanish I’d consistently taken in with lots of varied stimuli, my brain had easy access to Portuguese. I remember thinking:
‘Bonus Language – YES!’
Pineapple is Ananas in a Whole Bunch of Languages
After learning that pineapple is piña in Spanish, I learned that it is ananas in Portuguese. Ananas instantly remained in my memory since it’s the same word in Norwegian.
Being super fortunate to do an ESL teaching stint in Japan in ‘04, I would quickly notice that the word for pineapple in Japanese is also ananas. While buying groceries next door to where I lived in Okayama City, I had an agreement with the cashier. When she put the food item through, she would say the word in Japanese and would say it in English. That’s how I remember learning ananas and thinking just how ridiculously easy it was.
This is an example of language bartering and just how easy and efficient it can be. She was working, I was buying my groceries, and we squeezed or stacked language learning with review every time. When you can touch or see a language item physically, you will probably remember it faster. Like when I learned ga-ray-pu-fa-rut-u in Japanese. Grapefruit. Japanese has a lot of easy western words like this borrowed in.
A French person once asked me while trying to scan his brain for the word pineapple in English:
How do you say ‘ananas’?
I didn’t know that ananas was pineapple in French but I understood him perfectly, which inadvertently taught me that ananas is the French word for pineapple. It was too easy.
Ananas is not pineapple in every language but it is in many, including Arabic.
8% of Arabic Words are the Same or Close to the Same in Spanish
When going to the Middle East to work for the fist time, I tried to learn some Arabic basics. Thanks to having acquired a reasonable knowledge of Spanish, some new Arabic words were instantly learned.
While in a store, a coworker pointed at some olives and asked the clerk what they were. He said:
My brain instantly referred to its Spanish reference. Azeituna is olive in Spanish. Olive in Arabic was instantly cemented into my memory bank.
Outside of university-provided accommodation during a major sand storm in Hafr al-Batin, Saudi Arabia in 2017.
While staying in an employer-provided apartment/hotel in Hafr al-Batin, I thought about buying a second pillow as the one didn’t cut it. I went down and asked the Sudanese manager.
Would you by chance have an extra pillow? I prefer two.
The man in charge immediately spoke to the Nepali resident cleaner, handy man, polyglot and makeshift jack of all trades. In the fast Arabic he spoke to the Nepali, I picked out the world mohada.
My brain referenced the Spanish word for pillow: Almojada. Other than the al’ it was exactly the same.
While sweet-tooth browsing in a ubiquitous Saudi bakery, I saw the word torta by the cakes for sale. Immediately my brain triggered the Spanish word for cake: torta. It is exactly the same.
Over time I would continue to receive bonus Arabic words thanks to the Spanish I’d studied and immersed myself in. Here are a few more food words that are similar in Arabic and Spanish. NOTE: Egglpant is a tough one in both Arabic and Spanish. Not all words can be remembered with great ease.
|eggplant or aubergine||bazinjan||berenjena|
While teaching ESL surrounded by Saudi desert, I did a fair bit of hitchhiking. About 80% of the time I had to communicate in Arabic. This helped my Arabic immensely and was great fun.
About half the time I had to haggle the cost of the makeshift cab fare. Knowing numbers saved a fair amount of money over time, as did the free rides I got around 50% of the time. Many people in the middle east are genuinely generous and will refuse to charge you for a ride. Unless the person is obviously dirt-poor, trying to hand the money over is an insult. You can’t.
Because it’s a sign of respect, locals anywhere will typically take more of an affinity to you if you attempt to speak their local tongue.
French is a Beneficial Language to Know
Recently at the sauna here in Laos’ capital, a local man realized that my Lao was limited, so he said:
“Non, un peu.”
Like a few other Laotians I’ve come across, he had spent years living and working in France.
I’ve never studied French and have spent very little time in Quebec or France. But somehow in our conversation I was able to throw some French in with the Lao and English. This comes mainly from the Spanish, but also the English.
Grammatically, French is similar to Spanish. And thanks to my Mom’s west coast Norwegian dialect, the ‘r’ sound in French is exactly the same as that Bergensk Norsk or the Norwegian dialect spoken in Bergen and other west-coast Norwegian towns.
I firmly believe that if I visited or spent substantial time in a French speaking land, that I could learn it very fast. With English, Spanish and Norwegian, a fourth European language should retain quickly with proper immersion.
A French expat who lives in Laos told me:
French and Spanish are the same.
While I disagree, I understand what he meant. The structure is Latin, a native speaker in one Latin language can more easily thrive in another Latin language. This Frenchman has spoken both since childhood.
The bottom line is that once you take that first step, you will easily improve. There is no other possibility. And thanks to language overlapping and stacking; with desire, consistency and passion, language learning is easier than most of us realize.
If you’re interested in starting to learn Spanish, check out my Survival Spanish in 7 Days page.